Environmental Sciences Department

The Environmental Science Department (ESD) was established under FEN in response to the growing need for professionals to prevent, manage, and resolve environmental problems in Afghanistan. After decades of political instability, Afghanistan is in a state of severe environmental crises. Its environmental issues are diverse and include, for example, biodiversity decline, climate change impacts, deforestation, desertification, food insecurity, overgrazing, rapid population growth in urban areas, resource depletion, soil degradation, and water scarcity. Environmental Science is concerned with all such environmental problems and aims at environmental protection and conservation. It is an academic field that integrates several other disciplines such as biology, chemistry, ecology, geosciences, and physics, as well as computer and information sciences. As an applied discipline, it aims at solving problems at the human-environment interface by understanding the processes through which the natural system affects the human system, and the processes through which the human system affects the natural system. 

The ESD offers a student-centered and career-oriented degree that balances practice and theory. Emphasis is placed on the physical, human, and spatial aspects of Earth and its environment.  Students complete requirements in science, math, earth systems, human-environmental interactions, design and use of geographic information systems, and scientific methods and application.  The goal of the degree is to prepare scientists who can demonstrate the application of scientific principles to identify and support solutions to environmental problems.

Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs) 

ILO 1:       Demonstrate an understanding of content terminology and environmental literacy required to communicate information regarding environmental problems.

ILO2:        Analyze and use appropriate resources and data, as well as quantitative and qualitative methodologies and techniques such as GIS to solve environmental problems. 

ILO3:        Assess the environmental, economic, and social impacts of proposed activities and their potential effects on society and a sustainable future.

ILO4:        Demonstrate leadership qualities, and work, manage and function effectively as an individual or in a team to achieve common goals in multi-disciplinary settings.

 ILO5:       Communicate in English and native languages, both orally and in writing, in a professional manner to specified and general audiences.

Enrollment and Staffing:

The ESD attracts a diverse student body from different backgrounds and provinces across Afghanistan. During the 2017 academic year, the department had 187 students with female enrollment at 23 percent. Reducing class size to a maximum of 35 students is recommended for promoting student-centered teaching methods through problem- and project-based learning. The ESD has three academic faculty members including the Head of the Department. The faculty members have academic credentials in environmental sciences, climate change, chemistry, environmental impact assessment, environmental engineering, ecology, waste management, and air pollution. Based on student enrollment and the number of core courses specific the department the optimal staffing structure should increase to four-department specific lecturers.  

Course Nomenclature:

Based on the new regulations of Credit issued by Ministry of Higher Education every subject has a code which exist of Two English characters and three numeric. The two English characters are for Faculty while the three numeric are for Semester and Subject. For example, for Faculty of Environment (En) should be selected. The Code (301) shows that the subject is taught in 3rd Semester and the code (01) is for the specific subject that can’t be repeated in the Faculty. So the ESD courses are identified by the same mechanism.

Prerequisites, if required, are explained in the course syllabus.

Table 2: Environmental sciences department members and their specifications. 

No.

Name/ Surname

Qualification

Academic Rank

Position

1

Habibullah Habib PhD

Ph.D.

Professor   

Member

2

Wafaurahman Wafa

Master

Environmental Impact Assessment 

Senior Lecture

Dean of the Faculty

3

Mohammad Dawood Shirzad

Master 

Climate Change   

Senior Lecture

Member

4

Obaidullah Salihie

Master

Senior Lecture

Member

5

Kawoon Sahak

Master

Lecture

Member

6

Mohammad Kazim Hashimi

Master

Lecture

Member

7

Karima Wardak

Master

Lecture

Member

Environmental Sciences Department Curriculum

Table 3: First Semester

No.

Course

Code

Credit Number

Credit Hours

Theory

Practice

Credit

Total

Credit

Total

1

Biology-I

En113

3

3

48

 

 

2

Chemistry-I

En114

3

3

48

 

 

3

Physics-I

En111

3

3

48

 

 

4

Math-I

En112

3

3

48

 

 

5

Introduction to Environmental Science

En115

3

3

48

 

 

6

Afghanistan History

En116

1

1

16

 

 

7

Information Technology-I

En119

1

1

16

 

 

8

English-I

En117

1

1

16

 

 

9

Islamic Studies

En118

1

1

16

 

 

 

Total Credits

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

Table 4: Second Semester

No.

Course

Code

Credit Number

Credit Hours

Theory

Practice

Credit

Total

Credit

Total

1

Biology-II

En211

3

3

48

 

 

2

Chemistry-II

En221

3

3

48

 

 

3

Physics-II

En202

3

3

48

 

 

4

Math-II

En203

3

3

48

 

 

5

Introduction to Disaster Management

En204

3

3

48

 

 

6

Introduction to Natural Resources

En205

3

3

48

 

 

7

Information Technology-II

En206

1

1

16

 

 

8

English-II

En207

1

1

16

 

 

9

Islamic Studies

En208

1

1

16

 

 

10

Total Credits

 

21

 

 

 

 

 

Table 5: Third Semester

No.

Course

Code

Credit Number

Credit Hours

Theory

Practice

Credit

Total

Credit

Total

1

Environmental Pollution and Ecotoxicology

En301

3

3

48

 

 

2

Ecological Statistics

En302

3

3

48

 

 

3

Environmental Ethics

En303

3

3

48

 

 

4

Soil Science

En304

3

3

48

 

 

5

Meteorology

En305

3

3

48

 

 

6

Hydrochemistry

En306

3

3

48

 

 

7

English

En307

1

1

16

 

 

8

Islamic Studies

En308

1

1

16

 

 

 

Total Credits

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

Table 6: Forth Semester

No.

Course

Code

Credit Number

Credit Hours

Theory

Practice

Credit

Total

Credit

Total

1

Climatology

En401

3

3

48

 

 

2

GIS-I

En402

3

2

32

1

16

3

Environmental Geology

En403

3

3

48

 

 

4

Geography

En404

3

3

48

 

 

5

Atmospheric Chemistry

En405

3

3

48

 

 

6

Introduction to Technical Writing

En406

3

3

48

 

 

7

Islamic Studies

En407

1

1

16

 

 

 

Total Credits

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

Table 7: Fifth Semester

No.

Course

Code

Credit Number

Credit Hours

Theory

Practice

Credit

Total

Credit

Total

1

GIS II: Adv GIS and Spatial Analysis

En501

3

2

32

1

16

2

Ecology

En502

3

3

48

 

 

3

Environmental Health

En503

3

3

48

 

 

4

Applied Hydrology

En504

3

3

48

 

 

5

Global Environmental Change and Earth Sciences

En505

3

3

48

 

 

6

Environmental Governance

En506

3

3

48

 

 

7

Islamic Studies

En507

1

1

16

 

 

8

Total Credits

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

Table 8: Sixth Semester

No.

Course

Code

Credit Number

Credit Hours

Theory

Practice

Credit

Total

Credit

Total

1

Remote Sensing

En601

3

3

48

 

 

2

Climate Change Science and Society

En602

3

3

48

 

 

3

Environmental Engineering-I

En603

3

3

48

 

 

4

Environmental Geophysics

En604

3

3

48

 

 

5

Conservation Biology

En605

3

3

48

 

 

6

Environmental Impact Analysis

En606

3

2

32

1

16

7

Islamic Studies

En607

1

1

16

 

 

8

Total Credits

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

Table 9: Seventh Semester

No.

Course

Code

Credit Number

Credit Hours

Theory

Practice

Credit

Total

Credit

Total

1

Soil Pollution

En701

3

3

48

 

 

2

Natural Resources Economics

En702

3

3

48

 

 

3

Watershed Processes

En703

3

3

48

 

 

4

Environmental Law

En704

3

3

48

 

 

5

 Research Methodology

 

En705

3

2

32

1

16

6

Renewable Energy

En706

3

3

48

 

 

7

Islamic Studies

En707

1

1

16

 

 

8

Total Credits

 

19

 

 

 

 

 

Table 10: Eighth  Semester

No.

Course

Code

Credit Number

Credit Hours

Theory

Practice

Credit

Total

Credit

Total

1

Air Pollution

En801

3

3

48

 

 

2

Monograph

En802

6

 

 

6

96

3

Option 1: Internship
Option 2: Environmental Citizenship through Applied Community Service Learning

En803

4

 

 

4

72

4

Environmental Management

En804

3

3

48

 

 

5

Islamic Studies

En805

1

1

16

 

 

6

Total Credits

 

17

 

 

 

 

 

Credits Breakdown

Required Credits

             15

(144-168 max credits)

Basic Credits

61

(21 -17 credits per semester)

Core Credits

78

 

Total Program Credits

154

 

Natural Resources Management Department

گالری رسانه

Pictures album of the courtyard of Kabul University after a gentle and beautiful rain

Academic and research conference entitled "Study and Management of Afghanistan Water" to welcome the opening of Kamal Khan Dam

The National Seedlings Campaign at Kabul University Campus

Inauguration of the new building of Faculty of Public Policy and Mathematics of Kabul University

The Sympathy Video of the Silk Road Universities Students with their Friends at Kabul University